Tooth extraction or dental extraction is the process of removing a tooth from its socket. The unwanted tooth is removed from gums as a dental care measure.
Tooth decay and tooth infection are some of the most common reasons behind tooth extraction. This means that part of the enamel or part of the tooth has been damaged as a result of bacterial decomposition. In certain cases, the enamel may also be affected by the growth of fungus and this leads to erosion. The tooth starts arching when the eroding agents, such as the fungi and bacteria, reach the nerves located inside the enamel. The bacterial secretion leads to serious toothache. If not treated in time, the bacterial substances react with each other, further increasing the pain and drastically deteriorating dental health. When the damage to the affected tooth is too extensive, and when no other dental treatment can save the tooth from being lost, tooth extraction may be the best solution.
Tooth extractions can also be done as a result of tooth fracture, insufficient space for growth of other teeth, such as wisdom teeth, and in preparation of orthodontic procedures like the placement of braces.
Tooth extraction Procedures
- Simple extraction
This procedure can be done with the extraction forceps without fracturing. First, the dentist administers a local anesthetic injection to the area where the tooth is to be extracted. After this, he/she prepares two instruments; the elevator and the forceps. A special fiber known as the periodontal fiber holds down the tooth in the cavity of the gums. During the loosening procedure, the fibers around the tooth break away.
After this, the dentist uses a pair of forceps to remove the root along with the tooth. Since the arteries and veins around the root are disrupted, the patient may experience slight blood loss. The mouth may also swell. This swelling may take few to 48 hours.
Simple tooth extractions in Coquitlam takes a short time and the recovery period takes about 7-10 days. After this, the patient can go back to eating solid food.
- Surgical Extraction
This is a complex procedure that can only be performed in the following cases:
*The tooth breaks at the gum line.
*There are tooth fragments in the alveolar bone.
*Tooth with curved roots.
*Impacted teeth (teeth that have not erupted above the gum line).
*When teeth don’t have enough structure and is impossible for the extraction tools to grasp.
*To remove wisdom teeth.
During the procedure, the oral surgeon makes a small incision into the gum using a hand chisel and mallet. In some cases, the bone around the tooth is removed or the tooth is cut in half in order to remove it. The tooth is then extracted with the help of an elevator and a pair of forceps. Surgical tooth extractions in Coquitlam must be performed under local anesthesia.
The surgeon will insert cotton in the newly formed cavity in order to curb the bleed. The patient may experience some pain after the procedure. Pain killers or sedative may be prescribed to reduce this pain.